Father: Village forcing removal of treehouse made for son's birt

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Print Father: Village forcing removal of treehouse made for son's birthday Posted: Monday, November 12, 2018 12:30 PM EST Updated: Monday, November 12, 2018 6:10 PM EST BABYLON - The Village of Babylon wants a father to take down his backyard treehouse made for his son's 6th birthday. The village says the treehouse needs a building permit and must be removed if one is not attained. John Lepper, who began building the treehouse in May, claims it does not violate town code. "An act of God is the only thing that is taking this tree house down," he says. Lepper says the 85-square-foot treehouse falls short of the town's requirement of a building permit for structures 90 square feet and larger. Village officials have said Lepper must submit the proper permit in order to build the structure. Neighbors seemed split on the treehouse's presence. Some had no issue with it; others said it was too large and too close to the street. Lepper is scheduled to appear in village court on Tuesday. His son cannot use the treehouse until the situation is resolved.View this post on Instagram A post shared by News 12 Long Island (@news12li) on Nov 12, 2018 at 8:56am PST News More>> Feud between Glen Cove neighbors comes to a head as 72-year-old charged with assault of teen Feud between Glen Cove neighbors comes to a head as 72-year-old charged with assault of teen Updated: Wednesday, August 12 2020 8:27 PM EDT 2020-08-13 00:27:49 GMT Video depicts a feud between 19-year-old Ali Awan, who lives in the East Island section of Glen Cove, and 72-year-old neighbor Louis Fugazy. Video depicts a feud between 19-year-old Ali Awan, who lives in the East Island section of Glen Cove, and 72-year-old neighbor Louis Fugazy. 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Three Gorges Dam From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This is the latest accepted revision, reviewed on 11 August 2020. Jump to navigation Jump to search It has been suggested that Structural integrity of the Three Gorges Dam be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since August 2020. Dam in Sandouping, Yiling District, Hubei Dam in Sandouping, Yiling District, Hubei Three Gorges Dam 三峡大坝 The dam in September 2009Location in Hubei ProvinceCountryChinaLocationSandouping, Yiling District, HubeiCoordinates30°49′23″N 111°00′12″E  /  30.82306°N 111.00333°E  / 30.82306; 111.00333 Coordinates: 30°49′23″N 111°00′12″E  /  30.82306°N 111.00333°E  / 30.82306; 111.00333 PurposePower, flood control, navigationStatusOperationalConstruction beganDecember 14, 1994Opening date2003[1]Construction cost¥203 billion (US$31.765 billion)[2]Owner(s)China Yangtze Power (subsidiary of China Three Gorges Corporation)Dam and spillwaysType of damGravity damImpoundsYangtze RiverHeight181 m (594 ft)Length2,335 m (7,661 ft)Width (crest)40 m (131 ft)Width (base)115 m (377 ft)Spillway capacity116,000 m3/s (4,100,000 cu ft/s)ReservoirCreatesThree Gorges ReservoirTotal capacity39.3 km3 (31,900,000 acre⋅ft)Catchment area1,000,000 km2 (390,000 sq mi)Surface area1,084 km2 (419 sq mi)[3]Maximum length600 km (370 mi)[4]Normal elevation175 m (574 ft)Power StationCommission date2003–2012TypeConventionalHydraulic headRated: 80.6 m (264 ft) Maximum: 113 m (371 ft)[3]Turbines32 × 700 MW 2 × 50 MW Francis-typeInstalled capacity22,500 MWCapacity factor45%Annual generation87 TWh (310 PJ) (2015) The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric gravity dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China. The Three Gorges Dam has been the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity (22,500 MW) since 2012.[5][6] In 2018, the dam generated 101.6 terawatt-hours (TWh), breaking its previous record,[7] but was still slightly lower than the Itaipú Dam, which had set the world record in 2016 after producing 103.1 TWh.[8] The dam body was completed in 2006. The power plant of the dam project was completed and fully functional as of July 4, 2012,[9][10] when the last of the main water turbines in the underground plant began production. Each main water turbine has a capacity of 700 MW.[11][12] Coupling the dam's 32 main turbines with two smaller generators (50 MW each) to power the plant itself, the total electric generating capacity of the dam is 22,500 MW.[11][13][14] The last major component of the project, the ship lift, was complete in December 2015.[15] As well as producing electricity, the dam is intended to increase the Yangtze River's shipping capacity. By providing flood storage space, the dam reduces the potential for floods downstream which could possibly affect millions. China regards the project as a monumental social and economical success,[16] with the design of state-of-the-art large turbines,[17] and a move toward limiting greenhouse gas emissions.[18] However, the dam flooded archaeological and cultural sites, displaced some 1.3 million people, and had caused significant ecological changes including an increased risk of landslides.[19][20] The dam has been controversial both domestically and abroad.[21][22][23][24] Three Gorges DamSimplified Chinese三峡大坝 Traditional Chinese三峽大壩 TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinSānxiá Dàbà Bopomofoㄙㄢ ㄒㄧㄚˊ ㄉㄚˋ ㄅㄚˋ IPA[sán.ɕjǎ tâ.pâ] other MandarinDunganсань ся да ба Contents 1 History 2 Composition and dimensions 3 Economics 4 Power generation and distribution 4.1 Generating capacity 4.2 Generators 4.3 Generator installation progress 4.4 Output milestones 4.5 Distribution 5 Environmental impact 5.1 Emissions 5.2 Erosion and sedimentation 5.3 Landslides 5.4 Waste management 5.5 Forest cover 5.6 Wildlife 5.7 Terrestrial impact 6 Floods, agriculture, industry 7 Navigating the dam 7.1 Locks 7.2 Ship lift 7.3 Portage railways 8 Relocation of residents 9 Other effects 9.1 Culture and aesthetics 9.2 National security 9.3 Structural integrity 10 Upstream dams 11 See also 12 References 13 External links History [ edit] In his poem "Swimming" (1956), engraved on the 1954 Flood Memorial in Wuhan, Mao Zedong envisions "walls of stone" to be erected upstream.[25] Map of the location of the Three Gorges Dam and the most important cities along the Yangtze River A large dam across the Yangtze River was originally envisioned by Sun Yat-sen in The International Development of China, in 1919.[26][27] He stated that a dam capable of generating 30 million horsepower (22 GW) was possible downstream of the Three Gorges.[27] In 1932, the Nationalist government, led by Chiang Kai-shek, began preliminary work on plans in the Three Gorges. In 1939, Japanese military forces occupied Yichang and surveyed the area. A design, the Otani plan, was completed for the dam in anticipation of a Japanese victory over China. In 1944, the United States Bureau of Reclamation head design engineer, John L. Savage, surveyed the area and drew up a dam proposal for the 'Yangtze River Project'.[28] Some 54 Chinese engineers went to the U.S. for training. The original plans called for the dam to employ a unique method for moving ships; the ships would move into locks located at the lower and upper ends of the dam and then cranes with cables would move the ships from one lock to the next. In the case of smaller water craft, groups of craft would be lifted together for efficiency. It is not known whether this solution was considered for its water-saving performance or because the engineers thought the difference in height between the river above and below the dam too great for alternative methods.[29] Some exploration, survey, economic study, and design work was done, but the government, in the midst of the Chinese Civil War, halted work in 1947. After the 1949 Communist takeover, Mao Zedong supported the project, but began the Gezhouba Dam project nearby first, and economic problems including the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution slowed progress. After the 1954 Yangtze River Floods, in 1956, Mao Zedong authored "Swimming", a poem about his fascination with a dam on the Yangtze River. In 1958, after the Hundred Flowers Campaign, some engineers who spoke out against the project were imprisoned.[30] During the 1980s, the idea of a dam reemerged. The National People's Congress approved the dam in 1992: out of 2,633 delegates, 1,767 voted in favour, 177 voted against, 664 abstained, and 25 members did not vote, giving the legislation an unusually low 67.75% approval rate.[31][32] Construction started on December 14, 1994.[33] The dam was expected to be fully operational in 2009, but additional projects, such as the underground power plant with six additional generators, delayed full operation until May 2012.[verification needed ][14][30] The ship lift was completed in 2015.[15][34] The dam had raised the water level in the reservoir to 172.5 m (566 ft) above sea level by the end of 2008 and the designed maximum level of 175 m (574 ft) by October 2010.[35][36] In July 2020 the dam “deformed slightly” after heavy floods, and some nonstructural, peripheral parts of the dam buckled. There was also some seepage into the main outlet walls.[37] Composition and dimensions [ edit] Model of the Three Gorges Dam looking upstream, showing the dam body (middle left), the spillway (middle of the dam body) and the ship lift (to the right).Model of the Three Gorges Dam showing the ship lift and the ship lock. The ship lift is to the right of the dam body with its own designated waterway. The ship locks are to the right (northeast) of the ship lift.Earthfill south dam in foreground with view along main dam. The wall beyond is to separate spillway and turbine flows from the lock and ship lift upstream approach channel. A similar separation is used on the downstream side, seen partially in the preceding image. Made of concrete and steel, the dam is 2,335 m (7,661 ft) long and the top of the dam is 185 m (607 ft) above sea level. The project used 27.2×10 ^6 m3 (35.6×10 ^6 cu yd) of concrete (mainly for the dam wall), used 463,000 T of steel (enough to build 63 Eiffel Towers), and moved about 102.6×10 ^6 m3 (134.2×10 ^6 cu yd) of earth.[38] The concrete dam wall is 181 m (594 ft) high above the rock basis. When the water level is at its maximum of 175 m (574 ft) above sea level, 110 m (361 ft) higher than the river level downstream, the dam reservoir is on average about 660 km (410 mi) in length and 1.12 km (3,675 ft) in width. It contains 39.3 km3 (31,900,000 acre⋅ft) of water and has a total surface area of 1,045 km2 (403 sq mi). On completion, the reservoir flooded a total area of 632 km2 (244 sq mi) of land, compared to the 1,350 km2 (520 sq mi) of reservoir created by the Itaipu Dam.[39] Economics [ edit] The government estimated that the Three Gorges Dam project would cost 180 billion yuan (US$22.5 billion).[40] By the end of 2008, spending had reached 148.365 billion yuan, among which 64.613 billion yuan was spent on construction, 68.557 billion yuan on relocating affected residents, and 15.195 billion yuan on financing.[41] It was estimated in 2009 that the construction cost would be recovered when the dam had generated 1,000 terawatt-hours (3,600 PJ) of electricity, yielding 250 billion yuan. Full cost recovery was thus expected to occur ten years after the dam started full operation,[40] but the full cost of the Three Gorges Dam was recovered by December 20, 2013.[42] Funding sources include the Three Gorges Dam Construction Fund, profits from the Gezhouba Dam, loans from the China Development Bank, loans from domestic and foreign commercial banks, corporate bonds, and revenue from both before and after the dam is fully operational. Additional charges were assessed as follows: Every province receiving power from the Three Gorges Dam had to pay ¥7.00 per MWh extra. Other provinces had to pay an additional charge of ¥4.00 per MWh. The Tibet Autonomous Region pays no surcharge.[43] Panorama of the Three Gorges Dam Power generation and distribution [ edit] Generating capacity [ edit] Electricity production in China by source. Compare: The fully completed Three Gorges dam will contribute about 100 TWh of generation per year. Power generation is managed by China Yangtze Power, a listed subsidiary of China Three Gorges Corporation (CTGC)—a Central Enterprise SOE administered by SASAC. The Three Gorges Dam is the world's largest capacity hydroelectric power station with 34 generators: 32 main generators, each with a capacity of 700 MW, and two plant power generators, each with capacity of 50 MW, making a total capacity of 22,500 MW.[11] Among those 32 main generators, 14 are installed in the north side of the dam, 12 in the south side, and the remaining six in the underground power plant in the mountain south of the dam. Annual electricity generation in 2015 was 87 TWh, which is 20 times more than the Hoover Dam.[44][45] Generators [ edit] The main generators weigh about 6,000 tonnes each and are designed to produce more than 700 MW of power. The designed head of the generator is 80.6 meters (264 ft). The flow rate varies between 600–950 cubic metres per second (21,000–34,000 cu ft/s) depending on the head available. The greater the head, the less water needed to reach full power. Three Gorges uses Francis turbines. Turbine diameter is 9.7/10.4 m (VGS design/Alstom's design) and rotation speed is 75 revolutions per minute. This means that in order to generate power at 50 Hz, the generator rotors have 80 poles. Rated power is 778 MVA, with a maximum of 840 MVA and a power factor of 0.9. The generator produces electrical power at 20 kV. The electricity generated is then stepped-up to 500 kV for transmission at 50 Hz. The outer diameter of the generator stator is 21.4/20.9 m. The inner diameter is 18.5/18.8 m. The stator, the biggest of its kind, is 3.1/3 m in height. Bearing load is 5050/5500 tonnes. Average efficiency is over 94%, and reaches 96.5%.[46][47] Three Gorges Dam Francis turbine The generators were manufactured by two joint ventures: one of them Alstom, ABB Group, Kvaerner, and the Chinese company Harbin Motor; the other Voith, General Electric, Siemens (abbreviated as VGS), and the Chinese company Oriental Motor. The technology transfer agreement was signed together with the contract. Most of the generators are water-cooled. Some newer ones are air-cooled, which are simpler in design and manufacture and are easier to maintain.[48] Generator installation progress [ edit] The first north side main generator (No. 2) started on July 10, 2003; the north side became completely operational September 7, 2005, with the implementation of generator No. 9. Full power (9,800 MW) was only reached on October 18, 2006, after the water level reached 156 m.[49] The 12 south side main generators are also in operation. No. 22 began operation on June 11, 2007, and No. 15 started up on October 30, 2008.[12] The sixth (No. 17) began operation on December 18, 2007, raising capacity to 14.1 GW, finally surpassing Itaipu (14.0 GW), to become the world's largest hydro power plant by capacity.[50][51][52][53] As of May 23, 2012, when the last main generator, No. 27, finished its final test, the six underground main generators are also in operation, raising capacity to 22.5 GW.[9] After nine years of construction, installation and testing, the power plant is now fully operational.[14][54][55][56] Output milestones [ edit] Annual Production of Electricity Year Number of installed units TWh 2003 6 8.607 2004 11 39.155 2005 14 49.090 2006 14 49.250 2007 21 61.600 2008 26 80.812 [57] 2009 26 79.470 [58] 2010 26 84.370 [59] 2011 29 78.290 [60] 2012 32 98.100 [61] 2013 32 83.270 [62] 2014 32 98.800 [63] 2015 32 87.000 [64] 2016 32 93.500 [65] 2017 32 97.600 [66] 2018 32 101.600 [7][67] 2019 32 96.880 [68] Three Gorges Dam annual power output Yangtze River flow rate comparing to the dam intake capacity By August 16, 2011, the plant had generated 500 TWh of electricity.[69][70] In July 2008 it generated 10.3 TWh of electricity, its first month over 10 TWh.[71] On June 30, 2009, after the river flow rate increased to over 24,000 m3/s, all 28 generators were switched on, producing only 16,100 MW because the head available during flood season is insufficient.[72] During an August 2009 flood, the plant first reached its maximum output for a short period.[73] During the November to May dry season, power output is limited by the river's flow rate, as seen in the diagrams on the right. When there is enough flow, power output is limited by plant generating capacity. The maximum power-output curves were calculated based on the average flow rate at the dam site, assuming the water level is 175 m and the plant gross efficiency is 90.15%. The actual power output in 2008 was obtained based on the monthly electricity sent to the grid.[74][75] The Three Gorges Dam reached its design-maximum reservoir water level of 175 m (574 ft) for the first time on October 26, 2010, in which the intended annual power-generation capacity of 84.7 TWh was realized.[35] In 2012, the dam's 32 generating units generated a record 98.1 TWh of electricity, which accounts for 14% of China's total hydro generation.[76] Distribution [ edit] The State Grid Corporation and China Southern Power Grid paid a flat rate of ¥250 per MWh (US$35.7) until July 2, 2008. Since then, the price has varied by province, from ¥228.7–401.8 per MWh. Higher-paying customers, such as Shanghai, receive priority.[77] Nine provinces and two cities consume power from the dam.[78] Power distribution and transmission infrastructure cost about 34.387 billion Yuan. Construction was completed in December 2007, one year ahead of schedule.[79] Power is distributed over multiple 500 kilovolt (kV) transmission lines. Three direct current (DC) lines to the East China Grid carry 7,200 MW: Three Gorges – Shanghai (3,000 MW), HVDC Three Gorges – Changzhou (3,000 MW), and HVDC Gezhouba – Shanghai (1,200 MW). The alternating current (AC) lines to the Central China Grid have a total capacity of 12,000 MW. The DC transmission line HVDC Three Gorges – Guangdong to the South China Grid has a capacity of 3,000 MW.[80] The dam was expected to provide 10% of China's power. However, electricity demand has increased more quickly than previously projected. Even fully operational, on average, it supports only about 1.7% of electricity demand in China in the year of 2011, when the Chinese electricity demand reached 4692.8 TWh.[81][82] Environmental impact [ edit] Satellite map showing areas flooded by the Three Gorges reservoir. Compare November 7, 2006 (above) with April 17, 1987 (below) Flood mark on Yangtze river Emissions [ edit] According to the National Development and Reform Commission of China, 366 grams of coal would produce 1 kWh of electricity during 2006.[83] From 2003 to 2007, power production equaled that of 84 million tonnes of standard coal.[84] Erosion and sedimentation [ edit] Two hazards are uniquely identified with the dam.[85] One is that sedimentation projections are not agreed upon, and the other is that the dam sits on a seismic fault. At current levels, 80% of the land in the area is experiencing erosion, depositing about 40 million tons of sediment into the Yangtze annually.[86] Because the flow is slower above the dam, much of this sediment will now settle there instead of flowing downstream, and there will be less sediment downstream. The absence of silt downstream has three effects: Some hydrologists expect downstream riverbanks to become more vulnerable to flooding.[87] Shanghai, more than 1,600 km (990 mi) away, rests on a massive sedimentary plain. The "arriving silt—so long as it does arrive—strengthens the bed on which Shanghai is built... the less the tonnage of arriving sediment the more vulnerable is this biggest of Chinese cities to inundation..."[88] Benthic sediment buildup causes biological damage and reduces aquatic biodiversity.[89] Landslides [ edit] Erosion in the reservoir, induced by rising water, causes frequent major landslides that have led to noticeable disturbance in the reservoir surface, including two incidents in May 2009 when somewhere between 20,000 and 50,000 cubic metres (26,000 and 65,000 cu yd) of material plunged into the flooded Wuxia Gorge of the Wu River.[90] Also, in the first four months of 2010, there were 97 significant landslides.[91] Waste management [ edit] Zigui County seat source water protection area in Maoping Town, a few kilometers upstream of the dam Collecting garbage at the Dam's southeast corner The dam catalyzed improved upstream wastewater treatment around Chongqing and its suburban areas. According to the Ministry of Environmental Protection, as of April 2007, more than 50 new plants could treat 1.84 million tonnes per day, 65% of the total need. About 32 landfills were added, which could handle 7,664.5 tonnes of solid waste every day.[92] Over one billion tons of wastewater are released annually into the river,[86] which was more likely to be swept away before the reservoir was created. This has left the water looking stagnant, polluted and murky.[91] Forest cover [ edit] In 1997, the Three Gorges area had 10% forestation, down from 20% in the 1950s.[86] Research by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization suggested that the Asia-Pacific region would, overall, gain about 6,000 km2 (2,300 sq mi) of forest by 2008. That is a significant change from the 13,000 km2 (5,000 sq mi) net loss of forest each year in the 1990s. This is largely due to China's large reforestation effort. This accelerated after the 1998 Yangtze River floods convinced the government that it must restore tree cover, especially in the Yangtze's basin upstream of the Three Gorges Dam.[93] Wildlife [ edit] This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (October 2017 ) Concerns about the potential wildlife impact of the dam predate the National People's Congress's approval in 1992.[94] This region has long been known for its rich biodiversity. It is home to 6,388 species of plants, which belong to 238 families and 1508 genera. Of these plant species, 57 percent are endangered.[95] These rare species are also used as ingredients in traditional Chinese medicines.[96] Already, the percentage of forested area in the region surrounding the Three Gorges Dam has dropped from twenty percent in 1950 to less than ten percent as of 2002,[96] negatively affecting all plant species in this locality. The region also provides habitats to hundreds of freshwater and terrestrial animal species.[95] Freshwater fish are especially affected by dams due to changes in the water temperature and flow regime. Many other fish are hurt in the turbine blades of the hydroelectric plants as well. This is particularly detrimental to the ecosystem of the region because the Yangtze River basin is home to 361 different fish species and accounts for twenty-seven percent of all endangered freshwater fish species in China.[97] Other aquatic species have been endangered by the dam, particularly the baiji, or Chinese river dolphin,[86] now extinct. In fact, Government Chinese scholars even claim that the Three Gorges Dam directly caused the extinction of the baiji.[98] The Chinese paddlefish is also believed extinct in part due to the dam blocking its migration. Of the 3,000 to 4,000 remaining critically endangered Siberian crane, a large number currently spend the winter in wetlands that will be destroyed by the Three Gorges Dam.[99] The dam contributed to the functional extinction of the baiji Yangtze river dolphin. Though it was close to this level even at the start of construction, the dam further decreased its habitat and increased ship travel, which are among the factors causing what will be its ultimate demise. In addition, populations of the Yangtze sturgeon are guaranteed to be "negatively affected" by the dam.[100] Terrestrial impact [ edit] In 2010, NASA scientists calculated that the shift of water mass stored by the dams would increase the length of the Earth's day by 0.06 microseconds and make the Earth slightly more round in the middle and flat on the poles.[101] Floods, agriculture, industry [ edit] An important function of the dam is to control flooding, which is a major problem for the seasonal river of the Yangtze. Millions of people live downstream of the dam, with many large, important cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Shanghai located adjacent to the river. Plenty of farm land and China's most important industrial area are built beside the river. The reservoir's flood storage capacity is 22 cubic kilometres (5.3 cu mi; 18,000,000 acre⋅ft). This capacity will reduce the frequency of major downstream flooding from once every 10 years to once every 100 years. The dam is expected to minimize the effect of even a "super" flood.[102][103] In 1954, the river flooded 193,000 km2 (74,500 sq mi), killing 33,169 people and forcing 18,884,000 people to move. The flood covered Wuhan, a city of eight million people, for over three months, and the Jingguang Railway was out of service for more than 100 days.[104] The 1954 flood carried 50 cubic kilometres (12 cu mi) of water. The dam could only divert the water above Chenglingji, leaving 30 to 40 km3 (7.2 to 9.6 cu mi) to be diverted.[105] Also, the dam cannot protect against some of the large tributaries downstream, including the Xiang, Zishui, Yuanshui, Lishui, Hanshui, and the Gan. In 1998, a flood in the same area caused billions of dollars in damage; 2,039 km2 (787 sq mi) of farm land were flooded. The flood affected more than 2.3 million people, killing 1,526.[106] In early August 2009, the largest flood in five years passed through the dam site. The dam limited the water flow to less than 40,000 cubic metres (1,400,000 cu ft) per second, raising the upstream water level from 145.13 m (476.1 ft) on August 1, 2009, to 152.88 m (501.6 ft) on August 8, 2009. A full 4.27 km3 (1.02 cu mi) of flood water was captured and the river flow was cut by as much as 15,000 m3 (530,000 cu ft) per second.[73] The dam discharges its reservoir during the dry season between December and March every year.[107] This increases the flow rate of the river downstream, and provides fresh water for agricultural and industrial usage. It also improves shipping conditions. The water level upstream drops from 175 to 145 m (574 to 476 ft),[108] preparing for the rainy season. The water also powers the Gezhouba Dam downstream. Since the filling of the reservoir in 2003, the Three Gorges Dam has supplied an extra 11 km3 (2.6 cu mi) of fresh water to downstream cities and farms during the dry season.[109] During the 2010 South China floods in July, inflows at the Three Gorges Dam reached a peak of 70,000 m3/s (2,500,000 cu ft/s), exceeding the peak during the 1998 Yangtze River Floods. The dam's reservoir rose nearly 3 m (9.8 ft) in 24 hours and reduced the outflow to 40,000 m3/s (1,400,000 cu ft/s) in discharges downstream, effectively alleviating serious impacts on the middle and lower river.[110][111] Navigating the dam [ edit] Locks [ edit] Ship locks for river traffic to bypass the Three Gorges Dam, May 2004 The other end of Three Gorges Dam lock; note the bridge in the background The installation of ship locks is intended to increase river shipping from ten million to 100 million tonnes annually; as a result transportation costs will be cut between 30 and 37%. Shipping will become safer, since the gorges are notoriously dangerous to navigate.[84] There are two series of ship locks installed near the dam (30°50′12″N 111°1′10″E  /  30.83667°N 111.01944°E  / 30.83667; 111.01944 ). Each of them is made up of five stages, with transit time at around four hours. Maximum vessel size is 10,000 tons.[112] The locks are 280 m long, 35 m wide, and 5 m deep (918 × 114 × 16.4 ft).[113][114] That is 30 m (98 ft) longer than those on the St Lawrence Seaway, but half as deep. Before the dam was constructed, the maximum freight capacity at the Three Gorges site was 18.0 million tonnes per year. From 2004 to 2007, a total of 198 million tonnes of freight passed through the locks. The freight capacity of the river increased six times and the cost of shipping was reduced by 25%. The total capacity of the ship locks is expected to reach 100 million tonnes per year.[84] These locks are staircase locks, whereby inner lock gate pairs serve as both the upper gate and lower gate. The gates are the vulnerable hinged type, which, if damaged, could temporarily render the entire flight unusable. As there are separate sets of locks for upstream and downstream traffic, this system is more water efficient than bi-directional staircase locks. Ship lift [ edit] The shiplift, a kind of elevator, can lift vessels of up to 3,000 tonnes, at a fraction of the time to transit the staircase locks. In addition to the canal locks, there is a ship lift, a kind of elevator for vessels. The ship lift can lift ships of up to 3,000 tons.[15][115] The vertical distance traveled is 113 m (371 ft),[116] and the size of the ship lift's basin is 120 m × 18 m × 3.5 m (394 ft × 59 ft × 11 ft). The ship lift takes 30 to 40 minutes to transit, as opposed to the three to four hours for stepping through the locks.[117] One complicating factor is that the water level can vary dramatically. The ship lift must work even if water levels vary by 12 meters (39 ft) on the lower side, and 30 m (98 ft) on the upper side. The ship lift's design uses a helical gear system, to climb or descend a toothed rack.[118] The ship lift was not yet complete when the rest of the project was officially opened on May 20, 2006.[119][120] In November 2007, it was reported in the local media that construction of the ship lift started in October 2007.[34] In February 2012, Xinhua reported that the four towers that are to support the ship lift had almost been completed.[121] The report said the towers had reached 189 m (620 ft) of the anticipated 195 m (640 ft), the towers would be completed by June 2012 and the entire shiplift in 2015. As of May 2014, the ship lift was expected to be completed by July 2015.[122] It was tested in December 2015 and announced complete in January 2016.[15][123] Lahmeyer, the German firm that designed the ship lift, said it will take a vessel less than an hour to transit the lift.[118] An article in Steel Construction says the actual time of the lift will be 21 minutes.[124] It says that the expected dimensions of the 3,000 tonnes (3,000,000 kg) passenger vessels the ship lift's basin was designed to carry will be 84.5 by 17.2 by 2.65 metres (277.2 ft × 56.4 ft × 8.7 ft). The moving mass (including counterweights) is 34,000 tonnes. The trials of elevator finished in July 2016, the first cargo ship was lifted in July 15, the lift time comprised 8 minutes.[125] Shanghai Daily reported that the first operational use of the lift was on September 18, 2016, when limited "operational testing" of the lift began.[126] Portage railways [ edit] Plans also exist for the construction of short portage railways bypassing the dam area altogether. Two short rail lines, one on each side of the river, are to be constructed. The 88-kilometre (55 mi) long northern portage railway (北岸翻坝铁路 ) will run from the Taipingxi port facility (太平溪港 ) on the northern side of the Yangtze, just upstream from the dam, via Yichang East Railway Station to the Baiyang Tianjiahe port facility in Baiyang Town (白洋镇), below Yichang.[127] The 95-kilometre (59 mi) long southern portage railway (南岸翻坝铁路 ) will run from Maoping (upstream of the dam) via Yichang South Railway Station to Zhicheng (on the Jiaozuo–Liuzhou Railway).[127] In late 2012, preliminary work started along both future railway routes.[128] Relocation of residents [ edit] Though the large size of the reservoir caused huge relocation upstream, it was considered justified by the flood protection it provides for communities downstream.[129] As of June 2008, China relocated 1.24 million residents (ending with Gaoyang in Hubei Province) as 13 cities, 140 towns and 1350 villages either flooded or were partially flooded by the reservoir,[130][131][132] about 1.5% of the province's 60.3 million and Chongqing Municipality's 31.44 million population.[133] About 140,000 residents were relocated to other provinces.[134] Relocation was completed on July 22, 2008.[131] Some 2007 reports claimed that Chongqing Municipality will encourage an additional four million people to move away from the dam to the main urban area of Chongqing by 2020.[135][136][137] However, the municipal government explained that the relocation is due to urbanization, rather than the dam, and people involved included other areas of the municipality.[138] Allegedly, funds for relocating 13,000 farmers around Gaoyang disappeared after being sent to the local government, leaving residents without compensation.[139] Other effects [ edit] Culture and aesthetics [ edit] The 600 km (370 mi) long reservoir flooded some 1,300 archaeological sites and altered the appearance of the Three Gorges as the water level rose over 91 m (300 ft).[140] Cultural and historical relics are being moved to higher ground as they are discovered, but the flooding inevitably covered undiscovered relics. Some sites could not be moved because of their location, size, or design. For example, the hanging coffins site high in the Shen Nong Gorge is part of the cliffs.[141] National security [ edit] The United States Department of Defense reported that in Taiwan, "proponents of strikes against the mainland apparently hope that merely presenting credible threats to China's urban population or high-value targets, such as the Three Gorges Dam, will deter Chinese military coercion."[142] The notion that the military in Taiwan would seek to destroy the dam provoked an angry response from the mainland Chinese media. People's Liberation Army General Liu Yuan was quoted in the China Youth Daily saying that the People's Republic of China would be "seriously on guard against threats from Taiwan independence terrorists."[143] The Three Gorges Dam is a steel-concrete gravity dam. The water is held back by the innate mass of the individual dam sections. As a result, damage to an individual section should not affect other parts of the dam. However, damage to the entire dam through means such as missiles could cause flooding along a large area of the Yangtze River due to overflow spillage.[144] Structural integrity [ edit] Days after the first filling of the reservoir, around 80 hairline cracks were observed in the dam's structure.[145][146][147] However, 163,000 concrete units of the Three Gorges Dam all passed quality testing and the deformation was within design limits. An experts group gave the project overall a good quality rating.[148] In 2019,[149][150][151][152] photographs on Google Earth, in which photographic distortion appeared to show severe deformation of the structure, led to rumors on social media of the dam's potential collapse. Chinese officials dismissed the claims and reiterated earlier assessments of the safety and structural integrity of the dam. The rumours re-surfaced in 2020[151][153] and a Chinese hydrologist based in Germany warned of an impending collapse.[153][154]On July 18, 2020, the official Chinese media Xinhua News Agency stated that “the monitoring records of the Three Gorges Project's operation department showed that the average values of the main parameters such as dam displacement, seepage, and deformation were within the normal range, and the safety indicators of the dam's water retaining structure were stable.” This is the first time that Chinese official media mentioned the displacement, seepage, and deformation of the Three Gorges Dam; however they did not release detailed data.[155] Upstream dams [ edit] Longitudinal profile of upstream Yangtze River In order to maximize the utility of the Three Gorges Dam and cut down on sedimentation from the Jinsha River, the upper course of the Yangtze River, authorities plan to build a series of dams on the Jinsha, including Wudongde Dam, Baihetan Dam, along with the now completed Xiluodu and Xiangjiaba dams. The total capacity of those four dams is 38,500 MW,[156] almost double the capacity of the Three Gorges.[157] Baihetan is under construction and Wudongde is seeking government approval. Another eight dams are in the midstream of the Jinsha and eight more upstream of it.[158] See also [ edit] China portal Renewable energy portal Energy portal Water portal Baiheliang Underwater Museum Energy policy of China List of largest power stations in the world List of largest hydroelectric power stations List of power stations in China List of dams and reservoirs in China Three Gorges Museum Liang Weiyan, one of the leading engineers who designed the water turbines for the dam References [ edit] ^ Ma, Yue (November 26, 2010). "Three Gorges Dam". Stanford University. Archived from the original on April 11, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016 . ^ "Three Gorges Dam Hydro Electric Power Plant, China". Power Technology. Verdict Media. Archived from the original on May 28, 2018. 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Retrieved October 12, 2015 . ^ Wang Yichen (February 17, 2016). "China shifts from follower to leader in hydropower development". China Economic Net. Archived from the original on February 18, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2018 . CTGC announced on January 6 that the Three Gorges ship lift with the maximum lifting height reaching 113 meters and allowing ships with displacement of 3000-ton passing the dam has conducted real vessel experiment successfully in late December last year. ^ Jan Akkermann; Thomas Runte; Dorothea Krebs (2009). "Ship lift at Three Gorges Dam, China − design of steel structures" (PDF) . Steel construction 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2016 . The ship chamber is designed for passenger ships with a max. water displacement of 3000 tonnes, max. length of 84.5 m, max. width of 17.2 m and max. draught of 2.65 m. ^ "Phase I Field Trial of Ship Lift at Three Gorges Dam Successfully Ends". China Three Gorges Project. August 14, 2016. Archived from the original on August 14, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016 . ^ "World's largest shiplift starts operation at China's Three Gorges Dam". Shanghai Daily. September 18, 2016. Archived from the original on September 18, 2016. A permanent shiplift on the Three Gorges Dam in central China's Hubei Province began trial operation on Sunday. ^ a b "湖北议案提案:提升三峡翻坝转运能力" [Hubei's Proposal: raise the Three Gorges dam-bypassing transportation capacity]. People's Daily (in Chinese). March 17, 2013. Archived from the original on May 10, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2016 . 二、加快构建长期翻坝运输体系,并将疏港交通项目纳入三峡后扶规划。支持建设三峡大坝坝首太平溪至夷陵区张家口36.2公里的三峡翻坝高速公路江北段,与沪蓉高速公路互通;支持建设南北两岸三峡翻坝铁路,即夷陵太平溪港――宜昌火车东站――白洋田家河港88公里的北岸翻坝铁路,秭归茅坪港――宜昌火车南站――焦柳铁路枝城站95公里的南岸翻坝铁路;支持翻坝港口和翻坝物流园建设,加快形成完善的南北分流、水陆(铁)联运的翻坝转运格局,充分发挥长江黄金水道优势。 ^ "三峡翻坝铁路前期工作启动 建成实现水铁联运" [Dam in Three Gorges railway preliminary work completed to start the implementation of water and railway transport] (in Chinese). October 12, 2012. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2016 . 据透露,已经于去年底开工建设的紫云地方铁路,预计明年建成通车。紫云地方铁路接轨于国家铁路焦柳线枝江站,连接猇亭、白洋、姚家港三大开发区以及云池、白洋、田家河、姚家港四大港口,线路总长36.5公里,建成后年货运能力将达到1500万吨。 ^ "2012 Hydropower Roadmap" (PDF) . iea.org. p. 37. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2017 . ^ 三峡四期移民工程通过阶段性验收 (in Chinese). China Three Gorges Project Corporation. August 22, 2008. Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2008 . ^ a b "中港台 #93; 三峡库区城镇完成拆迁-华尔街日报". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on December 6, 2008. Retrieved August 1, 2009 . ^ "Three Gorges Dam". International Rivers. Archived from the original on May 5, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015 . ^ "China dam to displace millions more". MWC News. October 13, 2007. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved November 23, 2010 . ^ Liang Chao (July 15, 2004). "More bid farewell to Three Gorges". China Daily. Archived from the original on December 4, 2007. Retrieved January 20, 2008 . ^ "Millions forced out by China dam". BBC News. October 12, 2007. Archived from the original on March 9, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2008 . ^ Wang Hongjiang (October 11, 2007). "Millions more face relocation from Three Gorges Reservoir Area". Xinhua. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved January 20, 2008 . ^ Jiang Yuxia (September 26, 2007). "China warns of environmental "catastrophe" from Three Gorges Dam". Xinhua. Archived from the original on May 27, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2010 . ^ Guo Jinjia; Yang Shanyin (November 16, 2007). "重庆澄清"三峡库区二次移民四百万"传闻". People's Daily. Archived from the original on November 19, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2011 . ^ Julie Chao (May 15, 2001). "Relocation for Giant Dam Inflames Chinese Peasants". National Geographic. Archived from the original on May 18, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2008 . ^ Regine Debatty (December 9, 2007). "Flotsam, Jetsam and the Three Gorges Dam". World Changing. Archived from the original on July 6, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2008 . ^ C.Michael Hogan. Andy Burnham (ed.). "Shen Nong Gorge Hanging Coffins". The Megalithic Portal. Archived from the original on June 10, 2011. Retrieved January 20, 2008 . ^ "Annual report on the military power of the People's Republic of China (.pdf)" (PDF) . US Department of Defense. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 6, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2007 . ^ "Troops sent to protect China dam". BBC. September 14, 2004. Archived from the original on February 9, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2010 . ^ "Just Two Missiles could blow up China's Three Gorges Dam and kill millions". Defence News. January 18, 2018. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved March 30, 2019 . ^ "Three Gorges Dam". International Rivers. Archived from the original on June 30, 2009. Retrieved June 3, 2009 . ^ Adams, Jerry. "Three Gorges Dam". Electronic Data Interchange. Awesome Library. Archived from the original on July 22, 2009. Retrieved June 3, 2009 . ^ "Three Gorges Dam". Living On Earth. Archived from the original on December 28, 2010. Retrieved June 3, 2009 . ^ "三峡工程质量处于良好受控状态". Aqsiq.gov.cn. Archived from the original on August 15, 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2009 . ^ "Three Gorges Dam is safe, say China officials, dismissing online rumors". Reuters. July 9, 2019. Retrieved June 28, 2020 . ^ Yan, Alice (July 9, 2019). "' No problem at all' with China's Three Gorges Dam as warping rumours denied". South China Morning Post. Retrieved June 28, 2020 . ^ a b 黃梅茹 (June 23, 2020). "重慶遇80年最大洪水/中國昔以「彈性說」回應三峽大壩變形,官員今示警「潰堤」考驗" (in Chinese). 太报网站. Archived from the original on June 26, 2020. Retrieved June 26, 2020 . ^ "三峡大坝变形了?这是谣言!" (in Chinese). 京报网,来源:北京晚报. July 10, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2020 . ^ a b "中國專家警告「長江三峽大壩根本無法防洪」:若潰堤大水直沖上海". 綜合報導:楊清緣 (in Chinese). 新頭殼newtalk. June 22, 2020. Archived from the original on June 23, 2020. Retrieved June 26, 2020 . ^ Cheng, Ching-Tse (June 22, 2020). "Expert warns China's Three Gorges Dam in danger of collapse". Taiwan News. Retrieved June 28, 2020 . ^ Li Pengxiang; Li Siyuan (July 18, 2020). "The largest flood since the flood season this year reached the Three Gorges, with a flow exceeding 60,000 cubic meters per second". Xinhua Net. Retrieved August 5, 2020 . ^ "中国三峡总公司拟在金沙江上建4座梯级水电站 总装机容量为3850万千瓦_中国电力网新闻中心". chinapower.com.cn. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved August 1, 2009 . ^ "Beijing Environment, Science and Technology Update". U.S. Embassy in China. March 7, 2003. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved January 20, 2008 . ^ "Beyond Three Gorges in China". Water Power Magazine. January 10, 2007. Archived from the original on June 14, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2010 . External links [ edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Three Gorges Dam. 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Flash Flood WATCH in effect for:Atlantic, NJCamden, NJCape May, NJCumberland, NJGloucester, NJNorthwestern Burlington, NJOcean, NJSalem, NJ Print New Jersey or Long Island: Who has the best pizza? In a recent post on Instagram, the group Locals Only LI claimed that Long Island has better pizza than New Jersey. Two people can been seen holding up a sign that says 'New Jersey Pizza Sucks.' localsonlyli Oh In response, on the Twitter account @NJGov, people were tweeting that New Jersey pizza is better than Long Island pizza. undefined So News 12 New Jersey and News 12 Long Island want to know - who has the better pizza? Where can the best pizza be found?Long IslandNew Jersey   Where is your favorite pizza place? Send us a photo below of your favorite pizza at your favorite pizza joint! We may feature the photos in our Road Trip: Close to Home show! PLEASE NOTE: If you are using an ad blocker, you will need to turn it off to view the form properly.   Check out photos for your favorite joints below! ADVERTISEMENT Sea Bright Pizza | Sea Bright, Nj | The crust is thin and crispy the sauce is amazing and the cheese is ultra creamy this is the best pizza on the planetPizza One | Haskell, NJ | Thin crest and very tasty. The sauce is amazing Santillos | South Broad Street, Elizabeth | The man is a pizza artist; great sauce. Get the SicilianBlue Moon Pizzarea | Rockville Centre | Coal fired pizza, everything made from scratchBlue Moon | 26 N Patk Ave RVC | All ingredients are homemade, right down to the cheese.Blue Moon | 26 North Park Avenue, Rockville Centre | Overall great pizza. Owned and operated by Italians. As an Italian, this is my go to place for good quality pizza.Blue moon | 26 north park ave Rockville Centre ny | Old fashioned coal oven crust and sauce Blue Moon | 26 N Patk Ave RVC | All ingredients are homemade, right down to the cheese.Blue Moon Pizzeria | Rockville Centre | Coal Oven Pizza with all homemade ingredients BLUE MOON PIZZERIA | 26 NORTH PARK AVE, RVC NY 11570 | COAL OVEN, FRESH TOMATOES, HAND MADE MOZZARELLA THE BEST IVE EVER HADBlue Moon Coal Fired Pizza | Rockville Center | Freshest ingredients, perfect crust, sauce with the best stretch of mozzarella cheese. Saverio's Authentic Pizza Napoletana | 929 N. Broadway massapequa NY | Wood fired pizza! Unique and flavorful pies! Made with fresh ingredients! Made with love !Saverio's Authentic Pizza Napoletana | 929 N. Broadway massapequa NY | Wood fired pizza! Unique and flavorful pies! Made with fresh ingredients! Made with love !Saverio's Authentic Pizza Napoletana | 929 N. Broadway massapequa NY | Wood fired pizza! Unique and flavorful pies! Made with fresh ingredients! Made with love !Gino’s Pizza of Ronkonkoma | 214 Portion Road. Ronkonkoma NY 11779 | Brooklyn pie is delicious and cooked exactly the way I request! Always nice and hot when left on my stoop during pandemic !!Big Nick's Pizza | Davis Ave., Kearny, N.J. | Our Yellow Labrador 'Tyler' loves this pie, it has the perfect seasonings and is a thin crust, we travel from the Jersey Shore.Umberto’s of New Hyde Park | New Hyde Park, NY | The flavor is by far the best ever. My family from New Jersey and Connecticut come to Long Island just for Umberto’s pizza.Umbertos New Hyde Park | Jericho turnpike in New Hyde Park | It is made with the freshest ingredients, always cooked to perfection and the grandma/Sicilian slices are the originals. Maruca’s Tomato Pies | Seaside Heights, NJ | Trenton style tomato pie with he best cheese blend anywhere.Corleones’s Pizza | Hasbrouck Heights, NJ 06746 | Best Grandma pizza ever!Corleone’s | Hasbrouck Heights, NJ | Their grandma pie is TO DIE FOR. Their pizza overall is unmatched!Nicolo’s pizza | Englishtown Road Old Bridge NJ | Their white pizza is great!Gino’s Pizzeria of Ronkonkoma | ronkonkoma NY | The atmosphere, the food, the customers and the owners Trattoria La Sorrentina | 7831 Bergenline Avenue, North Bergen, NJ 07047 | Featured in Food Network's Best Pastas in the country for their tiny meatballs, their brick oven pizza is a gem that needs to be known!Corleones pizzeria | Hasbrouck heights | Their grandma and drunk grandma pizza is bomb Gino’s Pizzeria of Ronkonkoma | ronkonkoma NY | The atmosphere, the food, the customers and the owners Gino’s Pizzeria of Ronkonkoma | ronkonkoma NY | The atmosphere, the food, the customers and the owners Papa Nick’s | Bellport Village | The crispy crust is to die for! Ingredients are always fresh and food is delicious. Alyssa is the best cook, a National treasure!Gino's Pizzaria of Ronkonkoma | 214 Portion Rd, Ronkonkoma NY | crisp sause is great great variety of Pizza and full dinner menuMario’s Pizzeria of Syosset | 326 Jericho turnpike, Syosset ny 11791 | By far the best pizza!! I’ve grown up in Long Island my whole life and nothing compares to Mario’s of Syosset!! Nobody makes it like them!!Mario’s Pizzeria of Syosset | 326 Jericho turnpike, Syosset ny 11791 | By far the best pizza!! I’ve grown up in Long Island my whole life and nothing compares to Mario’s of Syosset!! Nobody makes it like them!!Luca’s Pizza | Cumberland mall (Vineland, NJ) | Thin, crispy crust, perfect cheese to sauce ratio, and (bonus) awesome, friendly people Salvotors | Hampton bays long island New York | Salvotors is the best pizza place because there pizza is always fresh out of the brick oven.Donatina Neapolitan Pizza Cafe | Patchogue, NY | the Detroit style pizza are my fav, the crust is infused w/ Parm chz, all other ingredients from sauce to mozzarella are all high qualityGino's Pizzeria | Ronkonkoma | The dough and the sauce are top notch.Papa nicks puzza | 117 s country rd bellport | Awesome food. Awesome people Papa nicks puzza | 117 s country rd bellport | Awesome food. Awesome people Mario’s Pizzeria of Syosset | 326 Jericho turnpike, Syosset ny 11791 | By far the best pizza!! I’ve grown up in Long Island my whole life and nothing compares to Mario’s of Syosset!! Nobody makes it like them!!The Galley Pizza and Eatery | Asbury Park, NJ | Crispy crust great cheese And sauce. Quality pizzaGoodfellas | 1817 Victory Blvd, Staten Island, NY 10314 | Never tasted pizza better than theirs. Couldn’t stop eating it lol The Galley Pizza and Eatery | Asbury Park, NJ | Crispy crust great cheese And sauce. Quality pizzaGinos pizza | Ronkonkoma | Everything is fresh and made to make your mouth water and even when your full your still gonna want moreThe Galley Pizza and Eatery | Asbury Park, NJ | Crispy crust great cheese And sauce. Quality pizzaGinos pizza | Ronkonkoma | Everything is fresh and made to make your mouth water and even when your full your still gonna want morePezzi Pizza | Sea Cliff, NY | Best Buffalo chicken slice I've ever had. Never seen anyone make a Buffalo chicken slice quite like them. Capriccios Pizza | 485 Georges Rd,Dayton, New Jersey. | its better to explain in words than when you actually try the pizza ;)Capriccios Pizza | 485 Georges Rd,Dayton, New Jersey. | its better to explain in words than when you actually try the pizza ;)Little Vincents | Lake Ronkonkoma, NY | Melt in your mouth crust, perfect sauce to cheese ratio and the cheese is top quality!Enzos | Budd lake NJ | Sauce and amazing specialty piesSopranos Pizza | New Milford, NJ | Always fresh, generously cheesy, and their crust, in many ways, is always on point!!Grant Street Cafe | Dumont, NJ | Thin crust, great flavor Capriccios Pizza | 485 Georges Rd,Dayton, New Jersey. | its better to explain in words than when you actually try the pizza ;)Capriccios Pizza | 485 Georges Rd,Dayton, New Jersey. | its better to explain in words than when you actually try the pizza ;)Capriccios Pizza | 485 Georges Rd,Dayton, New Jersey. | its better to explain in words than when you actually try the pizza ;)Reservoir Tavern | Booton NJ | The make a delicious pizza, one is called Danno, Shrimp in Vodka sauce. All there food is good even burger with brisket is one of the best.Brooklyn Square Pizza | 3620 Merrick Rd Seaford NY 11783 | Brooklyn Square’s Sicilian is full of flavor and the right amount of dough with a twist from the the traditional Sicilian found in pizzeriasBrooklyn Square Pizza, Albert's | 3620 Merrick Rd, Seaford, NY 11783, 1642 Great Neck Rd #3102, Copiague, NY 11726 | BSP: Delicious, traditional with a unique spin (sesame crust is great). Albert's: Upside down Sicilian. Great great sauce!Romeo’s Pizzeria | Carlstadt NJ | Fresh oven baked pizza with prosciutto, topped with aragula, With a touch of basalmic glazeRaimo’s Pizzaria. | Elks Plaza , Freeport | Excellent pizza. Joe and his family and all the staff are excellent, professional, and courteous. The portions are huge, try the hero’s. Raimo’s Pizzaria. | Elks Plaza , Freeport | Excellent pizza. Joe and his family and all the staff are excellent, professional, and courteous. The portions are huge, try the hero’s. Ralph's | Nutley | Best crust Best sauce Broccoli Rabe pie is to die forRalph's | Nutley | Best crust Best sauce Broccoli Rabe pie is to die forRezza | Roseland NJ | Great food in general. Their house cavateli dish is heaven. Their pizza is thin, crispy, delicious sauce, and excellent in every way. Ralph's | Nutley | Best crust Best sauce Broccoli Rabe pie is to die forRezza | Roseland NJ | Great food in general. Their house cavateli dish is heaven. Their pizza is thin, crispy, delicious sauce, and excellent in every way. Razza | Jersey City | Coal fired oven, thin crust and great ingredients! New Jersey's Best Pizza Challenge | Anthony Franco s Sparta and Anthony Franco s Roxbury Succasunna Best pizza slices in New JerseyNew Jersey's Best Pizza Challenge | Anthony Franco s Sparta and Anthony Franco s Roxbury Succasunna Best pizza slices in New JerseyNew Jersey's Best Pizza Challenge | Anthony Franco s Sparta and Anthony Franco s Roxbury Succasunna Best pizza slices in New JerseyNew Jersey's Best Pizza Challenge | Anthony Franco s Sparta and Anthony Franco s Roxbury Succasunna Best pizza slices in New JerseyRomeo’s Restaurant and Pizza | 20 Jernee Mill Rd, Sayreville, NJ 08872 | Best tasting pizza and dinners in NJ. Their sauce is amazing, the sauce to cheese ratio is perfect, and crust is always perfectly cooked. Linwood pizza | 465 Route 46 West, Totowa, NJ | My favorite is the plain. But all are OUTSTANDING!!OG Pizza | Montville NJ | Its my personal homemade pizza for family!Federrics | Freehold | Thin crustJimmy G’s | 804 Ocean Ave. Belmar NJ | Extra large pie can’t be beat!Rustini | Sayreville | Pizza just melts in your mouth; best cheese n best sauce , you can eat the crust and want more n more. Fiamma | Morristown | Wood fire oven makes a great crust, the sauce is perfectBruno’s pizza | Clifton , New Jersey | The sauce is authentic Italian n cheese is sweet n salty mozzarella Lido Restaurant | Hackensack, NJ | Super thin crust, always good, hasn't changed in decades!!!!Coloseo | Port Jefferson | Because it is. Sauce to Cheese ratio is perfect. I take everyone there.Brooklyn Square | Jackson | Upside down square, Peter special, honeymoon pie... so many great choices you can’t go wrong. Amazing Sicilian style pizza.Scardino’s Pizza | Lodi, NJ | Sicilian , Bruno style Scardino’s Pizza | Lodi, NJ | Sicilian , Bruno style Scardino’s Pizza | Lodi, NJ | Sicilian , Bruno style Scardino’s Pizza | Lodi, NJ | Sicilian , Bruno style Andy’s Pizza | Peckville, PA | The cheese mix is incredible!!!Favale’s Trattoria | 31 W Main Street, Ramsey, NJ 07446 | We even go there during this time to get all ingredients (pizza dough, cheese, tomato sauce, and herbs) for Pizza Friday fam time Feratis | 2 Boonton Ave, Butler New Jersey | You only need simplicity to judge the best pizza; sauce,crust and cheese. Enough said, look no further La Sorrentina | North Bergen, New Jesrey | Fresh ingredients, crispy crust and a variety of toppingsCurioni Pizza | Liberty St., Lodi NJ | Family owned, Sicilian pie is crunchy, cheesy, fresh. In the 60 years that I have been a patron, it has never changed. Truly a diamond!Il Forno | Somerville, NJ | Best flavorda vinci's pizza | upper montclair NEW JERSEY | quality ingredients, sauce is made fresh every day. and they have the INFERNO PIE! long hot peppers and jalepeno!Cafarros | South River, New Jersey | Thin crust, sweet tomato gravy and salty mozzarella. In business over 50 years. We love it. Ralph's | Nutley NJ | It was rated 8.9 by barstool, an extremely high score for them. And believe me—it does not disappoint! Crispy, saucy, cheesy perfection.Joey D's Pizza | 990 Cedarbridge Rd Brick, NJ | Great Crust, Great Sauce, Cooked to perfection,AWESOME STAFFMario's Pizzeria | 326 Jericho Turnpike, Syosset, NY 11791 | They have the best Grandma Pizza! Star Tavern | Orange Nj | Super thin crust amazing sauce Naples Street Food | Oceanside Long Long Island | It tastes better then the pizza I had in Naples Italy!Papa’s Tomato Pies | Robbinsville NJ | Sauce. Crust. Cheese. Each perfectly balanced and flavorful.My back yard pizza oven | Normandy Beach | Special dough and sauce, quality toppings ( NO pineapple !!)My back yard pizza oven | Normandy Beach | Special dough and sauce, quality toppings ( NO pineapple !!)Federico's Pizza | Belmar, NJ | The dough is delicious. Slideshow: Your Favorite Pizza Joints   Top Stories News More>> Gov. Murphy approves some schools to start with all-remote option Gov. Murphy approves some schools to start with all-remote option Updated: Wednesday, August 12 2020 5:00 PM EDT 2020-08-12 21:00:30 GMT Gov. Phil Murphy says schools that cannot meet health and safety guidelines for an in-person start to the academic year can go with an all-remote option. Gov. Phil Murphy says schools that cannot meet health and safety guidelines for an in-person start to the academic year can go with an all-remote option. Jersey Proud: Young meteorologist in training Jersey Proud: Young meteorologist in training Nine-year-old Brandon Sousa of Kearny hopes to be a meteorologist one day. He is a big fan of News 12’s Dave Curren. Way to go, Brandon! Nine-year-old Brandon Sousa of Kearny hopes to be a meteorologist one day. He is a big fan of News 12’s Dave Curren. Way to go, Brandon! Officials call on New Jersey utility companies to reimburse customers amid power outages Officials call on New Jersey utility companies to reimburse customers amid power outages Updated: Wednesday, August 12 2020 10:51 PM EDT 2020-08-13 02:51:35 GMT Parsippany mayor calls for power companies to compensate customers during power outages Several New Jersey officials are calling on the state’s utility companies to reimburse customers who lost food and medicine while the power was out. Several New Jersey officials are calling on the state’s utility companies to reimburse customers who lost food and medicine while the power was out. Hamilton police seek suspect in 4 separate bias graffiti incidents Hamilton police seek suspect in 4 separate bias graffiti incidents Updated: Wednesday, August 12 2020 9:53 PM EDT 2020-08-13 01:53:06 GMT The Hamilton Police Department is looking for a person involved in four separate bias graffiti incidents in town. The Hamilton Police Department is looking for a person involved in four separate bias graffiti incidents in town. Aggrieved bettor gets $20,000 in unique horse-doping lawsuit Aggrieved bettor gets $20,000 in unique horse-doping lawsuit Updated: Wednesday, August 12 2020 9:47 PM EDT 2020-08-13 01:47:59 GMT Racetrack chairman hopeful sports betting will help with finances Racetrack chairman hopeful sports betting will help with finances An aggrieved harness-racing bettor has received $20,000 in the settlement of his claims that he was cheated out of his winnings when a doped horse won a race in New Jersey in 2016. An aggrieved harness-racing bettor has received $20,000 in the settlement of his claims that he was cheated out of his winnings when a doped horse won a race in New Jersey in 2016.   New Jersey Food & Fun Videos More>> Guide: Drive-in and outdoor movie events around New Jersey Guide: Drive-in and outdoor movie events around New Jersey Updated: Saturday, August 8 2020 3:07 PM EDT 2020-08-08 19:07:14 GMT There are pop-up drive-in theaters and outdoor movie events all around New Jersey. There are pop-up drive-in theaters and outdoor movie events all around New Jersey. Guide: Mini-golf courses around New Jersey Guide: Mini-golf courses around New Jersey (Jim Murdoch/News 12 New Jersey) Not quite ready to hit the links? Check out our guide to mini-golf courses in the area! Not quite ready to hit the links? Check out our guide to mini-golf courses in the area! Ready to make a splash at the local pool? Here are 20 rules you can expect this summer Ready to make a splash at the local pool? Here are 20 rules you can expect this summer State and local town pools are reopening this summer, with new safety measures in place to help stop the spread of COVID-19. State and local town pools are reopening this summer, with new safety measures in place to help stop the spread of COVID-19. State and local town pools are reopening this summer, with new safety measures in place to help stop the spread of COVID-19. State and local town pools are reopening this summer, with new safety measures in place to help stop the spread of COVID-19. Guide: Thrilling roller coasters in the tri-state area Guide: Thrilling roller coasters in the tri-state area THE JOKER is located at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson, NJ. THE JOKER is located at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson, NJ. Looking for some excitement this summer? Check out some of these thrilling and extreme roller coasters, all located in the tri-state area. Looking for some excitement this summer? Check out some of these thrilling and extreme roller coasters, all located in the tri-state area. Guide: Amusement Parks Guide: Amusement Parks Six Flags Great Adventure Six Flags Great Adventure The tri-state area has a handful of amusement parks that you may want to check out this summer.  The tri-state area has a handful of amusement parks that you may want to check out this summer.    New Jersey Slideshows Galleries More>> Your Photos: Tropical Storm Isaias Your Photos: Tropical Storm Isaias Wires down, on fire - Port Jefferson Station Wires down, on fire - Port Jefferson Station Do you have a photo or video from Tropical Storm Isaias? Share it here. Do you have a photo or video from Tropical Storm Isaias? Share it here. Your New Jersey We're Open Photos Your New Jersey We're Open Photos News 12 wants to know how your business changed and adapted to the new normal to remain open or to reopen. Send us photos! News 12 wants to know how your business changed and adapted to the new normal to remain open or to reopen. Send us photos! Your New Jersey 2020 Summer Photos Your New Jersey 2020 Summer Photos News 12 wants to know how you are spending your summer! Send us photos or videos. News 12 wants to know how you are spending your summer! Send us photos or videos. Hometown Heroes Hometown Heroes Whacky patterned yoga pants help raise morale for Somerset County doctors, nurses Whacky patterned yoga pants help raise morale for Somerset County doctors, nurses There are many who work hard to keep things running, keep us informed and keep us safe. Nominate your Hometown Heroes. There are many who work hard to keep things running, keep us informed and keep us safe. Nominate your Hometown Heroes. Take a walk over the Governor Mario M. Cuomo Bridge Take a walk over the Governor Mario M. Cuomo Bridge Updated: Tuesday, June 30 2020 9:38 AM EDT 2020-06-30 13:38:05 GMT Check out these photos of a walk over the Governor Mario M. Cuomo Bridge. Check out these photos of a walk over the Governor Mario M. Cuomo Bridge.   Food & Fun Photos More>> Cool down in the summer heat with unique frozen treats Cool down in the summer heat with unique frozen treats One thing's for certain: it has been a hot summer, and it looks like the steamy heat is going to be sticking with us for a little while. News 12 checked out some great places to get delicious frozen treats to cool you down. One thing's for certain: it has been a hot summer, and it looks like the steamy heat is going to be sticking with us for a little while. News 12 checked out some great places to get delicious frozen treats to cool you down.  Your New Jersey 2020 Summer Photos Your New Jersey 2020 Summer Photos News 12 wants to know how you are spending your summer! Send us photos or videos. News 12 wants to know how you are spending your summer! Send us photos or videos. Just Engaged in New Jersey Just Engaged in New Jersey Did you just get engaged? News 12 wants to celebrate with you! Did you just get engaged? News 12 wants to celebrate with you! Guide: Where to find food trucks in New Jersey Guide: Where to find food trucks in New Jersey Food Truck Friday: Callahan's Food Truck Friday: Callahan's Craving something savory or sweet? It doesn't really matter when it comes to food trucks, where you can have it all -- you just have to know where to find them! Here is a list of food trucks and where you could find them in New Jersey. Craving something savory or sweet? It doesn't really matter when it comes to food trucks, where you can have it all -- you just have to know where to find them! Here is a list of food trucks and where you could find them in New Jersey. Your New Jersey 2020 Graduation Celebration Photos Your New Jersey 2020 Graduation Celebration Photos News 12 wants to know how you are celebrating or what your school is doing to commemorate the huge milestones. News 12 wants to know how you are celebrating or what your school is doing to commemorate the huge milestones.    Breaking news and headlines in your inbox. Sign up for News 12 email alerts! Can't Find Something?GoHomeNewsWeatherFeaturesCrimeCOVID-19Food & FunSend Pics/Videos All content © Copyright 2000 - 2020 Frankly Media and . All Rights Reserved. For more information on this site, please read our Privacy Policy, Terms of Service, and Ad Choices. sorry to interruptyour first 20 are free Access to News 12 is free for Optimum, Comcast®, Spectrum Networks® and Service ElectricSM customers. Please enjoy 20 complimentary views of articles, photos, and videos during the next 30 days. you have reached your 20 view limit Access to News 12 is free for Optimum, Comcast®, Spectrum Networks® and Service ElectricSM customers. Please login or create an account to continue enjoying News12. logincreate an account Our sign-up page is undergoing maintenance and is not currently available. 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